Resource: French dictionary of definitions (SYNAPSE)

Reference French dictionary of definitions (SYNAPSE)
Date of Submission Jan. 17, 2018, 11:11 a.m.
Status accepted
ISLRN 357-949-964-163-0
Resource Type Lexicon
Media Type Text
Language French
Access Medium Downloadable

The French dictionary of definitions (SYNAPSE) was designed by linguists graduated in France with the objective of being used on digital media. Consequently:
- definitions are provided on a linear format with a classification based on syntactic form (and not under a hierarchic form of senses),
- definitions of each word sense are short and autonomous.
It was built starting from 2007 with annual updates up to 2016.

The dictionary contains:
- 216,835 entries distributed as follows: 147,378 nouns, 80,552 adjectives, 24,001 verbs, 4,677 adverbs, 1,560 prefixes, 107 prepositions, 614 interjections, 147 pronouns, 42 conjunctions, 27 articles (one lexical entry may correspond to several morphosyntactic categories)
- 309,078 definitions
- 7,395 phraseological units (phrases)

Grammatical information for each entry consists of: grammatical category, gender, number, inflected forms.

This dictionary is provided in XML format together with its DTD.

The following tags are used:
<id:orth> entry word
<idx:infl> morpho-syntactic category
<idx:form> inflected forms of the category
<information> contains the list of senses corresponding to the entry and related category

<sense> may contain several tags:
<definition> definition
<in_other_register> link to one or several other entries which may be found at different language levels
<style_comment> comments on the style. Value "nouvelle orthographe" (new spelling) is indicated when the entry word was created under 1991 reform. Abbreviation extensions are also given.
<domain> domain level
<register> context of usage, for borrowings or regionalisms
<uppercase> entry word starting with an uppercase. Corresponding information needs to be related with the term starting with an uppercase.
<alternative> spelling variant

When tag <idx:infl> includes the "expressions" feature, it gives the following additional information:
<syntagm> set expression containing the entry word
<syntagm_definition> definition of the set expression tagged in <syntagm>

Version 1.0
Distributor ELRA