The French dictionary of definitions (SYNAPSE) was designed by linguists graduated in France with the objective of being used on digital media. Consequently:
- definitions are provided on a linear format with a classification based on syntactic form (and not under a hierarchic form of senses),
- definitions of each word sense are short and autonomous.
It was built starting from 2007 with annual updates up to 2016.
The dictionary contains:
- 216,835 entries distributed as follows: 147,378 nouns, 80,552 adjectives, 24,001 verbs, 4,677 adverbs, 1,560 prefixes, 107 prepositions, 614 interjections, 147 pronouns, 42 conjunctions, 27 articles (one lexical entry may correspond to several morphosyntactic categories)
- 309,078 definitions
- 7,395 phraseological units (phrases)
Grammatical information for each entry consists of: grammatical category, gender, number, inflected forms.
This dictionary is provided in XML format together with its DTD.
The following tags are used:
<id:orth> entry word
<idx:infl> morpho-syntactic category
<idx:form> inflected forms of the category
<information> contains the list of senses corresponding to the entry and related category
<sense> may contain several tags:
<in_other_register> link to one or several other entries which may be found at different language levels
<style_comment> comments on the style. Value "nouvelle orthographe" (new spelling) is indicated when the entry word was created under 1991 reform. Abbreviation extensions are also given.
<domain> domain level
<register> context of usage, for borrowings or regionalisms
<uppercase> entry word starting with an uppercase. Corresponding information needs to be related with the term starting with an uppercase.
<alternative> spelling variant
When tag <idx:infl> includes the "expressions" feature, it gives the following additional information:
<syntagm> set expression containing the entry word
<syntagm_definition> definition of the set expression tagged in <syntagm>